Mythbuster|十個木結他的常見迷思(上)

引言|

在練習同教學時都聽過不少「結他界都市傳說」,今集同大家淺談其中三個,希望幫到大家解決心中疑問!

Photo by Maaria Lohiya on Unsplash

「電木結他」身世之謎|究竟係「木結他」定「電結他」?

不少初學結他既朋友都會問咩係「電木結他」,襯呢個機會簡介下: 其實「電木結他」並不屬於一種結他類別,真正身份係木結他,只係額外安裝左Pickup(拾音器),幫助擴大結他聲,可透過導線將訊號接駁音箱(Amp),就好似你唱歌時,加左枝咪收音咁,適合舞台/街頭表演/錄音等效果。

「電木」外型/演奏技巧依然同木結他一樣,唔好誤會係彈「電結他」呀!無論買古典/鋼線結他,都可加裝pickup,變成坊間講既「電木」!

Photo by Ethan Wu from Pexels

如何選擇「電木結他」|原裝pickup

如選擇附有原裝pickup既電木 (價格較高),一般只配備較基本的型號,也有些附有tunner方便調音、EQ ( 等化器 )修飾高中低頻音色,雖說提供接駁音箱功能,但需留意音質參差。建議先選擇心水既結他聲,再額外選購pickup安裝。

市面Pickup主要分為主動式與被動式兩類型,不同的收音原理和安裝方式令到音色各有風格,例如偏向電子聲/自然原木音色/立體度/清晰度等許多細節,將來再同大家分享。

Photo from Andertons.co.uk

身型較細粒一定要買37吋?|手感是王道

有時聽到朋友買結他會以「結他幾多吋?」去揀結他。而我既建議係:你估揀電視咩?乖,親身拎上手試左先啦!

對結他新手黎講,「手感」係買結他首要考慮!「手感」涉及結他body、琴頸闊度、弦距等因素。坊間所講既尺寸一般指琴頭最頂點到琴身最底邊的直線距離。事實上,因為結他有不同形狀的桶身設計,如OM/Dreadnaught/GA…直接影響右手擺放的舒適度,變相影響正確勾弦的姿勢,所以單憑用「尺寸」決定會墮入陷阱,練習時先發覺「中伏!彈落唔舒服嘅…」

Photo by Gezer Amorim from Pexels

點解成日彈錯弦?|身型高大先揀D桶?

教學經驗:見過不少身型細小既同學其實拎起正常size結他,右手勾弦協調得無問題,反而拎較細的「37吋」結他時右手會不穩定滑向前,引致經常勾錯弦。

個人經驗:以前錯覺係D桶好大舊,生得唔高搞唔掂點知有次拎住黑潮Full solid D桶試聲:咦?右手輕鬆喎!

所以眼見未為真,琴身厚度、手枕位等細節都影響手感,都係果句,拎上手試啦!

Photo from [email protected]

結他斷弦先需要換弦?|唔換弦又如何?

「定期換弦」係保養結他最入門法則!當佢屋企床單咁,用耐左有汗漬記得換啦!

弦線的新鮮度/音質由換上第一日開始下降,就算唔彈都會逐漸殘舊,而頻密練習亦會因手汗侵蝕加速生銹,除左影響手感、阻礙手指移動速度等技術問題,舊弦亦有損音色、清晰度、彈性下降引致「痴fret」雜音

Photo by Oz Seyrek on Unsplash

彈幾耐先換弦?|如何保養?

換弦頻率視乎練習方式。以筆者 Yo導師為例,雖未必每日練習,但因每次練習時間較長、或使用較多slidebarred chord,令弦線生銹速度較快,平均每月換一次。建議多嘗試不同種類的結他弦線,以配搭不同歌曲加強演奏特色。如需要錄音,亦建議換新弦以確保較佳音質!

一般建議:每天練習,每月換一次;不經常彈奏的,最好每三個月換一次。

保養Tips:

1)想維持好音色,換弦時最好一次過換哂整套,避免新舊/不同牌子的弦線混合而損害結他結構。

2)避免結他受陽光及濕度影響,應擺放於結他盒/袋內,內放防潮包保持濕度45-55%

3)如果不經常使用結他,建議鬆掉所有弦線,減低tension對琴身的負荷。

希望大家睇完由今日開始好好保養結他,下集繼續拆解各種結他迷思,請密切留意!

Photo from freepik.com


Furch Promotion Series | Red

[The Best is yet to Come|林一峰]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQQuwvOe4NM
我們有一個共同的傷口。逆難而上,永不妥協。
Be patient and wise, the day will come。
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Guitar: Red Pure OMc-LC | Alpine Spruce & Cocobolo
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[Señorita|Camila Cabello, Shawn Mendes]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C5P63wa3nf4
Alpine spruce面板及cocobolo底側板的組合,令佢既高頻比其他rosewood更明亮,音色均衡,清晰度高。以ziricote作為指板同琴頸,配搭雲杉面板,更顯這支琴既高雅。
The combination of Alpine spruce soundboard and cocobolo back and sides offers this guitar a balanced timbre. The treble is bright and clear as well. The beautiful fingerboard and bridge were made from Ziricote, which are perfectly matched with the soundboard, making this guitar more high-end.
—————————————————————————————
Guitar: Red Pure OMc-LC | Alpine Spruce & Cocobolo
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[你瞞我們|陳柏宇]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G456yl1_VDk
互相隱瞞或是我們唯一的默契。
Love is about honesty.
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Guitar: Red Pure OMc-LC | Alpine Spruce & Cocobolo
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87


Furch Promotion Series | Orange

[幾分之幾|盧廣仲]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DgMVh857xg8
《幾分之幾》是盧廣仲的歌中,其中一首最愛。雖然不能確保每個愛的人都能夠永遠在身邊,但仍然感激他/她為我帶來正面影響。
One of the most favourite song from Crowd Lu. Thanks for everyone in my life who make me a better person! —————————————————————————
Guitar: Orange Gc-SW|Spruce & Black Walnut
Digital Recorder: Zoom H6

[剎那的烏托邦|岑寧兒]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZl-3UDABng
近期一首很喜歡的歌曲,旋律和歌詞都給人一種寧靜感,在煩躁的時候聆聽這首歌,仿佛感到一絲慰藉。
A song by Yoyo Sham, one of my favorite singers, with a peaceful melody which calm my mind while listening to it. The Furch Orange series is awesome! Great tone and Black Walnut indeed added some warmth to it.
—————————————————————————————
Guitar: Orange Gc-SW|Spruce & Black Walnut
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[若 |AGA]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUXWoTvi3sQ
《若》是Aga為紀念亡姐而創作的歌。一直相信創作和生活有關才可以投入,投入才可以感動別人,這首歌做到了。
This song is written to commemorate her sister who passed away. The key element to make a song touching is relating the song to your real life story.
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Guitar: Orange Gc-SW|Spruce & Black Walnut
Digital Recorder: Zoom H6


Furch Promotion Series | Yellow

[心有獨鐘|陳曉東]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qnGPsqHmyT8
《這種感覺從來不曾有 左右每天思緒 每一次呼吸⋯⋯》這個情況好像似曾相識呢?相信大家曾經經歷過的,或許這就是暗戀的感覺吧⋯⋯
Do you still remember your first love? YES?! Please do not answer this question unless your present girlfriend haven’t subscribe our channel.
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Guitar: Yellow Plus G-CP|Cedar & Padauk
Digital Recorder: Tascam DR-40

[你好不好|周興哲]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ul8CWKysMBY
第一次嘗試用Padauk作底側板既結他,中低頻出色,聲音聽落似玫瑰木,高頻有力清晰得黎一D都唔乾,聲音立體、反應快,好適合訓練右手勾弦,用黎配搭周興哲的溫暖曲風確實有驚喜!
.新一年,你,好不好?
It’s the first time I tried to use Padauk as the back and side guitar. It has excellent mid and low frequencies, sounds like rosewood, and the high frequencies are strong and clear. You will be surprised when you use it to train your right hand!
—————————————————————————————
Guitar: Yellow Plus G-SP|Spruce & Padauk
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[吳哥窟|吳雨霏]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ay2Iq6mqD94
戀愛中的喜與悲、樂與憂、大小事情都總想與人分享,可是,有些話卻難以啓齒。只能對岩洞奏著結他,藉音符訴說心聲,讓回音安撫心靈。
Having an affair with a married man brings complicated feelings. Those secrets can tell no one but rocks and stones through a guitar. The echo from sound hole is the only heal for the broken heart.
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Guitar: Yellow Plus G-CP|Cedar & Padauk
Digital Recorder: Tascam DR-40


Furch Promotion Series | Green

[就算世界無童話|衛蘭]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5btz0dTXeS4
這首歌的旋律平淡,但歌詞卻勾畫出一個充滿和平、溫暖和愛的烏托邦,即使現實是多麼殘酷,也要堅持去現實這樣一個夢想。
A very warm, peaceful song from a Singer from Hong Kong — Janice M. Vidal. Even we know the world is cruel, we still wish to build a utopia filled with love and peace.
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Guitar: Green OM-SM|Spruce & Mahogany
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[陀飛輪| 陳奕迅]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HTY4upTt9nM
閱結他十數年,都係第一次對一把 Sunburst 結他顏色咁心動。坊間嘅 Sunburst 大多數都係全黑邊包圍然後中間染黃,呢一支 Furch Green Sunburst Master Choice Dc-SR,係以上闊下窄嘅酒紅色漸變到中間,同時中間保持原木嘅顏色。記得第一日到貨,開箱果日全場嘩咗一聲,然後呢一支琴三日內就俾人帶咗返屋企了。
This is my first time in my life to have a crush on a sunburst guitar. The top of this Furch Green Master Choice Dc-SR is surrounding by a deep wine colour, instead of black in most case, and turning light gradually towards the bridge. Meanwhile, the colour of the centre remains unchanged! It truly a beauty from Furch Guitars.
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Guitar: Green SB Dc-SR SPE | Sitka & Indian Rosewood (Sunburst)
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[綠光 | 孫燕姿]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s1TbRf4MYyw
「Green Light I’m searching for you⋯⋯」
《綠光》是我讀書年代其中一首非常喜歡的歌曲,傳說看見綠光就意味著幸福即將來臨,輕快的旋律更帶出那股青春的味道! “Green Light” was one of my favourite during my teenage. It is so great to play it again with the Furch “Green” series.
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Guitar: Green OM-SM|Spruce & Mahogany
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87


Furch Promotion Series | Blue

[男孩像你 | 薛凱琪]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMILtEo3LGs
熟悉木結他的朋友都知道,在入門的結他中不論是面單還是全單,大部份都是由桃花芯木作底側板。想要與別不同嘅話,用班馬木作底側的 Blue G-SA 就一定能滿足你了。坊間很少品牌用上斑馬木,而比起外觀上大同小異的桃花芯木,斑馬木鮮明而立體的木紋絕對羸盡收視,其低頻集中,高頻幼細的性格亦在入門結他中別樹一格。
This blue G-SA is pairing with Stika Spruce & Zebrawood, offering a different level of visual treat and voicing texture comparing to Mahogany Guitars. This guitar impressed me by not only focusing bass and neat treble performance, but also the 3D-look from wood grain of zebrawood.
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Guitar: Blue OMc-SA | Spruce & Zebrawood
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[你是你本身的傳奇 | 方皓玟]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTebLWvpbeE
在這個世道,堅持自己認為重要的價值和事物,是最難能可貴的。
入門級別的Full Soild 具備著強而有力的低頻,配合清爽的中高音,帶出了這首沈穩而堅毅的作品《你是你本身的傳奇》。 而配合特別的walnut 底板,更為這支結他添上獨特的風采。有個性而又喜歡重bass的結他手,這支Blue G-SW 絕對是你的首選!
To insist on something that is important and valuable to you is a very precious thought nowadays.
This full solid guitar consists of a powerful frequency with very clear middle high notes, which enlivens the power of songs.
One of the main features of this guitar is its walnut back, which makes it extra special. If you are a fan of powerful-based guitars, this Blue G-SW must be your choice.
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Guitar: Blue G-SW | Spruce & Walnut
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[有一種悲傷 | A-Lin]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEZ08V7Y_JQ
《有一種悲傷》是電影《比悲傷更悲傷的故事》主題曲,聽到我的學生說這電影很催淚,在觀看 trailer 時聽到主題曲就彈了這個版本,然而我尚未有看一次的膽量。
This is the theme song of movie . If you just need a good cry, please watch this movie.
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Guitar: Blue Gc-CM | Cedar & Mahogany
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87


Furch Promotion Series | Violet

[簡單愛|周杰倫]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-8Ix9x5U4s
《簡單愛》來自其中一張我最喜愛的周杰倫專輯《范特西》。輕鬆浪漫的敲擊節奏,配上如歌名般直白透徹的甜蜜歌詞,令人身心舒暢,絕對是周氏情歌的經典。
From one of my favorite Jay Chou albums, Fantacy. The relaxed and romantic percussion rhythm, coupled with the simple and sweet lyrics as the song name, make us feel really comfortable, is definitely a classic of Jay’s love songs.
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Guitar: Violet D-SY SPE|Spruce & Mahogany (Laminated)
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[倔強|五月天]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L5p6sCHfOT0
/就算失望不能絕望/
「倔強」就是一種信念 一種人生態度: 不妥協、不放棄,即使前面多少難關仍然愈戰愈勇。就這一次,為你的夢想倔強地奮鬥吧!
You have to believe in yourself. While there is life there is hope, hang on to your dreams!
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Guitar: Violet D-SY SPE|Spruce & Mahogany (Laminated)
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[不死傳說|《鋼之錬金術師》主題曲]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IPdmtQqZSa0
近年最令人驚喜的 Solid Top,亁身爽快,掃弦時很容易就讓人有一種熱血感,特別㨂了一首動漫主題曲帶出這個效果,價錢入門,水準卻遠在入門之上。
Violet series from Furch should be the most impressive laminated guitar I have experienced these years. It provides an unusual excitement with its unique dry and responsive texture.
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Guitar: Violet D-SY SPE|Spruce & Mahogany (Laminated)
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87


Furch Promotion Series | Indigo

[May Be It's For The Best | 岑寧兒]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q5GCXtOydWE
“Maybe it’s for the Best” 是我為學生 ZOE 編的。她當時隨口說了一句,過兩天我就彈出來送給她了。是的,人生還是最好抱有希望,也許你隨便許的願就成真了。
This song is arranged for my lovely student Zoe, and she is also the owner of this beautiful cedar guitar. So Zoe, are you able to play this now after two months?
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Guitar: Indigo G-CY SPE|Cedar & & Mahogany (Laminated)
Interface: Tascam UH-7000
Mic: KM184

[Castle On The Hill | Ed Sheeran]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SY8NtjAf4kc
今次選用這支Furch Indigo 系列十分有驚喜,聲音有點像Taylor那種清脆,但更厚實,十分適合掃弦,Nail attack感覺亦十分清爽,就試下彈一首快歌吧!
Furch Indigo made me surprised. It has bright and clean tone, very suitable for strumming. Also it is good for playing nail attack. Just randomly record this song and hope you like the tone of this guitar!
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Guitar: Indigo G-CY SPE|Cedar & & Mahogany (Laminated)
Interface: Focusrite Clarett 8Pre
Mic-pre: WarmAudio WA273
Mic: WarmAudio WA87

[First Kiss | 《不能說的秘密》插曲]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQCuAYLxUzQ
記得當年還是中六,第一次入戲院看《不能說的秘密》。我已經好這首插曲很有印像。果然過了一陣子,這首歌就成為了無人不識嘅《彩虹》。
The song is from the Jay Chou’s movie “Secret”, and was shown as a short clip of instrumental. It’s just beautiful.
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Guitar: Indigo G-CY SPE|Cedar & & Mahogany (Laminated)
Interface: Tascam UH-7000
Mic: KM184


連詩雅 為何要我愛上你|結他 Fingerstyle

連詩雅 - 為何要我愛上你 結他 Fingerstyle

《只用了2星期完成編曲了》
Words & Music by Yoyo為何要我愛上你是一首慢情歌,所以為了令編曲更豐富,在設計伴奏中花了不少心思,當中加了很多slide,亦有strumming 。編曲中亦運用了不少barre chord,特別出現在中,高把位,再配合slide,所以這份譜很適宜訓練指力。選調方面用了A調,比起以往彈慣的C或G調有很大差異,加上只用了2星期完成編曲,要短時間內熟習新scale是一個大挑戰,希望大家彈奏時都感受到彈A調的樂趣吧!師父點評:當日其實是 yoyo 抽到要編這首歌的,選 A Key 也就是我堅持底下半推半就接受了挑戰!不過 yoyo 就是這樣的,無論一開始幾難都好,佢都一定會盡力完成,大家聽下個編曲有幾豐富就知了。峰

梁靜茹 情歌|吉他 Fingerstyle

這陣子忙著把峰弦峰語搬去彌敦道,又不停寫譜,
連拿起結他都變成了一件奢侈的事。
還好,學生們都總算長大了。(抺眼淚)可以 代“師父”出手了,鳴鳴。。。

想知道她的故事嗎!去片!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3x7-eg8yoXs

《命運好幽默 讓愛的人都沉默》

終於學編歌了 象徵著我的結他路開始新的階段

在峰言峰語轉眼已一年
一切彷如昨日 至今還記得上年六月第一次上堂的時候
老師和同學都是新面孔 戰戰兢兢渡過了一小時
雖然本來是有點結他底子 但拍子,技巧和樂理都很多不足
峰都一一教授 由本來只會對著譜死板的彈 到現在學會彈出感情來

峰經常說:我們在這裡學的不是只滿足把fingerstyle彈成練習曲
其實要彈出動人的旋律 不是單靠不斷練習 還有用心琢磨每顆音 才能讓聽的人想繼續聽下去

在這裡 令我認識更多‘結他友’亦從他們身上找到可學習的地方和進步的動力
最重要的是 讓我找到對結他的熱情
我只能說 結他和我的生活已經不能分割 我的喜怒哀樂都藏於彈指之間。。。
“命運好幽默 讓愛的人都沉默”
情歌 --- 歌詞和旋律都敘述著淒美的故事。。
天長地久的感覺是什麼 我沒有給一個人寫過一首歌 但卻試過給一個人彈過一首歌
錄製的時候
峰問我在想什麼 我想 應該就是那個人吧
“還好我有 我這一首情歌
輕輕的輕輕哼著 哭著笑著我的 天長地久。。。 ”

呀YO

 

後記:

共同努力了一年,又多了幾個學生上了編曲班,在當中,yoyo 是很勤力的一個。
說話不多,但對於每個細節都很留心。

在自選編曲的時候,我曾說情歌這首歌不合她現在的程度的,
沒想到她最後真的拼死練成了,還編得很完整!

天份這回事,可能真的只屬於那些會拼死開發自己,敢於追求的人啊。
Proud Of You!!! Keep Going r!!